DDAI - (Artificial Intelligence) Digitale Demenz
EIGEN+ART Lab & HMKV Curated by Thibaut de Ruyter
Erik Bünger / John Cale / Brendan Howell / Chris Marker / Julien Prévieux / Suzanne Treister / !Mediengruppe Bitnik

AI Winter

In the history of artificial intelligence, an AI winter is a period of reduced funding and interest in artificial intelligence research.[1] The term was coined by analogy to the idea of a nuclear winter. The field has experienced several cycles of hype, followed by disappointment and criticism, followed by funding cuts, followed by renewed interest years or decades later. There were two major winters in 1974–80 and 1987–93[2] and several smaller episodes, including:
1966: the failure of machine translation,
1970: the abandonment of connectionism,
1971–75: DARPA's frustration with the Speech Understanding Research program at Carnegie Mellon University,
1973: the large decrease in AI research in the United Kingdom in response to the Lighthill report,
1973–74: DARPA's cutbacks to academic AI research in general,
1987: the collapse of the Lisp machine market,
1988: the cancellation of new spending on AI by the Strategic Computing Initiative,
1993: expert systems slowly reaching the bottom, and
1990s: the quiet disappearance of the fifth-generation computer project's original goals.

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AI Winter

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